Stage of film production –
1. Pre-Production –
A. Story Development –
The first stage of making a film comes in the concept of making a film, a story and a script which are most important to make a film. A story is made according to the type of film to be made – comedy, action, horror or will be based on social issues or on one’s life. This is the base of the film, in which story, screen play, dialogues, all these things are done in the development stage.
B. Budget Determination –
A budget is made for the film. It will depend on what the demand of the story is and how grand it is to be presented. The budget of the film is affected depending on how big and grand the set will be and the outdoor location.
C. Crew for the film –
Filmmaking is a teamwork. For this, a team of technical people like director, casting director, composer, choreographer, action director, cinematographer is required. They are selected on the basis of the budget of the film. According to the character depicted in the story, the casting director auditions the actors, then selects some good actors from them. Which is finalized by the producer director . The fees and availability of their dates for the lead artists are decided, an agreement is made by paying them the signing amount.
D. Getting the sets ready for the film –
Where the film will be shot, the location is searched according to the choice of the director. The houses, huts or palaces shown in the film are mostly built in studios. This work is done by the Art Director who is also called as Production Designer.
E. Getting the costume ready –
According to the characters depicted in the script, the work of getting the clothes of the main actors ready is of the stem designer. In this, the clothes are designed according to the scene such that the clothes worn in the action scenes of the hero will be different from the clothes prepared for the song scenes.
F. Movie Music –
Songs are kept in the film as per the demand of the story. Music plays a major role in the success of Hindi films. It is the job of the composer to compose the songs written by the lyricist.
G. Fixing the schedule –
The director of the film decides the schedule of the film with the help of his associates. Sometimes for 15 days or even a month, the film crew has to be taken out for outdoor shooting. It is seen that how many scenes are to be shot in an outdoor location or a particular location, all those scenes are tried to be shot in a schedule, which reduces the cost of the film.
H. Other preparations before shooting –
The director, with the help of the cinematographer, decides how the film will be shot. Where the camera will be placed in a location, from where the entry of an artist will take place and from where will his movement be, it is called blocking. Along with this, the director makes his own shortlist, on the basis of which he shoots the scene which is called storyboarding. The storyboard is like a comic book, with pictures of what will happen in different scenes. It consists of sequenced pictures of scenes like action or car chasing. These images serve as a blueprint or map for the cameraman. Due to the storyboard, a lot of time is saved during the shooting of the film . In action scenes, stuntmen are hired to perform dangerous feats such as jumping off high-rise buildings or jumping from a moving vehicle.
Artists are made to attend workshops when there is a certain type of character in the film. In which the actors are familiar with the nuances of that character, which makes it easy for them to perform.
2. Production or Shooting –
After pre -production comes the production stage, in which shooting takes place according to the planning done earlier. For this, the crew of the film prepares for the shooting by going to the already locked location.
The scene is repeated or retaken over and over again until the director is satisfied with the performance of the artist . Because of this , sometimes many hours are spent in filming a scene.
3. Post production –
This is the final process of film making. It mainly consists of works like editing, dubbing, Foley sound, visual (VFX) and audio effects, color grading, then finally the master print is prepared. VFX work is done in the film as per the demand of the script .
A. Visual Effects (VFX) –
Visual effects are digitally created things that are difficult to shoot with a camera. There is a whole team for this, a lot of time and money is spent in this work.
B. Editing –
These days the camera chip is uploaded to the system via hard disk as the film is shot digitally. Then the editor edits the film according to the thinking of the director. At the same time, the length of the film is decided as to how much time it will take. First rough editing is done, then later finalizing it, the film is made jerkless. In editing, the shots are added in such a way that the story progresses while maintaining the interestingness of the film. The film editor can remove all the scenes that hinder the story’s interest.
C. Dubbing –
It is necessary to remove extraneous sounds and noises that are recorded during shooting, this is done through dubbing. In this, the actors are called to the dubbing studio and their scene is shown, then they are called again to the dialogue spoken at the time of shooting. The actors speak dialogues according to the emotion of the scene which is recorded.
D. Sound –
The role of background music is very important in making the film effective, this work is done by the background music director keeping in mind the theme of the film. Any kind of scene, whether it is sad or comedy or horror, the same type of music is put in it, so that the effect of the scene increases manifold. The various sounds heard in the film such as footsteps of the artist, the sound of the tire of the car when braking, the sound of water droplets falling in the rain are created by the Foley artist.
E. Color Grading –
Lastly, the film is sent to the color department for color grading. In this, the visual of the film is made attractive while balancing it. The colorist gives such a look to the film which people like. Here the look of a great film is given by controlling the brightness, depth etc. of the film. Hope you liked this article ” Film kaise banti hai – How a film is made ” . You can share it to your friends. Write your questions and suggestions in the comment box. For more such useful information visit this website.