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The Filmmaking Process Explain Step by Step

The number of Hindi films produced in Bollywood every year is more than 350. Whereas in India more than 1500 films are made every year including all languages.   Seeing the number of films produced every year, it seems that making a film is not an easy task but it is not so. Along with having enough money to make a film, it is necessary to have a passion and an understanding of the process of film making. Otherwise, the chances of the film getting canned increase due to wastage of money. 

Generally we know about only those films which reach the theaters after completion, but there are many such films which are not completed due to various reasons and get incomplete and canned.

In fact, filmmaking is an expensive and labor-intensive job that involves a lot of money and a lot of people’s hard work. Even after this, it is difficult to say whether the audience will like the film or not. It takes several months to make a two-and-a-half hour film that appears on screen. It has different stages.    The production of a film is mainly divided into 3 parts – pre production, production and post production.

Stage of film production –

1. Pre-Production – 

A. Story  Development –

The first stage of making a film comes in  the concept of making a film, a story and a  script which  are most important to make a film. A story is made according to the type of film to be made – comedy, action, horror or will be based on social issues or on one’s life. This is the base of the film, in which   story, screen play, dialogues, all these things are done in the development stage. 

    Many times  the producer or director gives a concept to the writer to make a film, which is developed and a story and script are prepared. The writer shows it to the producer director  after making necessary corrections to prepare the final script. Then the dialogue writer prepares the dialogue. 
    A  good script is one that can keep the audience hooked throughout the film, ie whose story is liked by people of all ages.
    In the screenplay, complete information is given about the items used at the time of shooting to the age of the characters according to the character and the clothes worn by him etc. Apart from this,  technical details like camera angle are also written in the script.    Some writers prepare the script according to their own and narrate it to the producer director, if the producer feels that a hit film can be made through it, then he buys the script. 

B. Budget Determination –

A budget is made for the film. It will depend on what the demand of the story is and how grand it is to be presented. The budget of the film is affected depending on how big and grand the set will be and the outdoor location.

   While making the budget, all the expenses like the cost of the actors’ costumes, their accommodation and the marketing expenses of the film have to be taken care of. 

C. Crew for the film –

Filmmaking is a teamwork. For this, a team of technical people like director,  casting director,  composer, choreographer, action director, cinematographer is required. They are selected on the basis of the budget of the film.    According to the character depicted in the story, the casting director  auditions the actors, then selects some good actors from them. Which is finalized by the producer director  . The fees and availability of their dates for the lead artists are decided, an agreement is made by paying them the signing amount.

D. Getting the sets ready for the film –

Where the film will be shot, the location is searched according to the choice of the director. The houses, huts or palaces shown in the film are mostly built in studios. This work is done by the Art Director who is also called as Production Designer. 

    According to the story of the film, it is necessary to produce them before shooting. Many times, according to the director’s thinking, there is a jhuggi jhopdi or a palace or any other scene  , it is also filmed by going to the real location. It is planned in advance and necessary permissions are taken. 

E. Getting the costume ready –

According to the characters depicted in the script, the work of getting the clothes of the main actors ready is  of the stem designer. In this, the clothes  are designed according to the scene such that the clothes worn in the action scenes of the hero will be different from the clothes prepared for the song scenes.

   The people of the STEM department are present on the sets at the time of shooting and provide the artist with the clothes required for the scene. 

F. Movie Music –


Songs are kept in the film as per the demand of the story. Music plays a major role in the success of Hindi films. It is the job of the composer to compose the songs written by the lyricist. 

   The songs are recorded before shooting by selecting playback singers who match the voice of the hero-heroine of the film and can sing a particular song correctly. 

G. Fixing the schedule –

The director of the film  decides the schedule of the film with the help of his associates. Sometimes for 15 days or even a month, the film crew has to be taken out for outdoor shooting.    It is seen that how many scenes are to be shot in an outdoor location or a  particular  location, all those scenes are  tried to be shot in a schedule, which reduces the cost of the film. 

   In this, many times the final scenes of the film are shot first because the initial scenes of the film may have to be shot in some other location or set. 

H. Other preparations before shooting –

The director, with the help of the cinematographer, decides how the film will be shot. Where the camera will be placed in a location, from where the entry of an artist will take place and from where will his movement be, it is called blocking. Along with this, the director makes his own shortlist, on the basis of which he shoots the scene which is called storyboarding.     The storyboard is like a comic book, with pictures of what will happen in different scenes. It consists of sequenced pictures of scenes like action or car chasing. These images serve as a blueprint or map for the cameraman. Due to the storyboard, a lot of time is saved   during the shooting of the film  . In action scenes, stuntmen are hired to perform dangerous feats such as jumping off high-rise buildings or jumping from a moving vehicle.

   Artists are made to attend workshops when there is a certain type of character in the film. In which the actors are familiar with the nuances of that  character, which makes it easy for them to perform.

   Rehearsals are done before shooting. In this, the director tells his view to the actor, according to which the actor brings that character to life in front of the camera with his acting.

2. Production or Shooting –

After pre  -production comes the production stage, in which shooting takes place according to the planning done earlier. For this, the crew of the film prepares for the shooting by going to the already locked location.

    Sometimes the entire crew has to travel to other countries for shooting. Along with this  , the  equipment required for shooting to the location also has to be carried.    All these are arranged by the production house for the transportation and food and drink of the crew member. The crew consists of about 100 people ranging from spot boy, light man, make-up artist to assistant to director and cinematographer. The number of crew members keeps on increasing according to the budget of the film and the requirement of the scene.   For a layman,  watching a film shoot can seem boring and time-consuming. Because  each scene is shot by dividing it into pieces, in which there are many retakes. 

   When shooting in the studio, the art director’s team prepares the sets for shooting and minor changes are made when needed. Location manager and line producer are active here.    The shooting spot is checked by the camera crew by putting their equipment and lights etc in place. The make-up artist, upon the arrival of the main cast, their make-up and hairstylist,  go on with their hair-grooming work. 

   If the artist has to give a special look then prosthetic makeup is required. This work is done by its expert makeup artist, which takes hours. Actors wear their clothes and check and  come ready in front of the camera. Big actors have their own vanity vans from where they are called at the time of taking the shot and then the shooting process starts. The DOP checks the camera and lights, and the sound recording team sets up the recording.    The nuances of the scene are explained to the actors,  the director of the film tells them what to do in the scene and how to express it.  Here it depends on the skill of the director that how well he is able to get the actors to perform well. 

The scene is repeated or retaken over and over again     until the director is satisfied with the performance of the artist  .  Because of this  , sometimes many hours are spent in filming a scene. 

  The shoot begins with the director saying “camera role and action” and ends with the director saying “cut”. This cycle continues till the end of the shift. Sometimes the scenes are repeated over      and over again due to technical reasons and  also to shoot from different directions.  Each scene that is shot non-stop is called a “take”. 50 or more takes can also be taken for a long scene. After the shooting is over, bad takes are removed by doing rough editing.

3. Post production –

This is the final process of film making. It mainly consists of works like editing, dubbing, Foley sound, visual (VFX) and audio effects, color grading, then finally the master print is prepared. VFX work is done in the film as per the demand of the script  .

A.  Visual Effects  (VFX) –

Visual effects are digitally created things that are difficult to shoot with a camera. There is a whole team for this, a lot of time and money is spent in this work.

 B.  Editing –

These days the camera chip is uploaded to the system via hard disk as the film is shot digitally. Then the editor edits the film according to the thinking of the director. At the same time, the length of the film is decided as to how much time it will take.    First rough editing is done, then later finalizing it, the film is made jerkless. In editing, the shots are added in such a way that the story progresses while maintaining the interestingness of the film. The film editor can remove all the scenes that hinder the story’s interest.

C. Dubbing –

 It is necessary  to remove extraneous sounds and noises that are recorded during shooting,  this is done through dubbing. In this, the actors are called to the dubbing studio and their scene is shown, then they are called again to the dialogue spoken at the time of shooting. The actors speak dialogues according to the emotion of the scene which is recorded. 

D. Sound –

 The role of background music is very important in making the film effective, this work is done by the background music director keeping in mind the theme of the film.  Any kind of scene, whether it is sad or comedy or horror, the same type of music is put in it, so that the effect of the scene increases manifold.    The various sounds heard in the film such as footsteps of the artist, the sound of the tire of the car when braking, the sound of water droplets falling in the rain are created by the Foley artist. 

   These sounds are made by watching videos in real time with the help of various methods or devices. In the end all the sound tracks like background score, foley sound, dubbing etc.  are mixed.

E. Color Grading –

Lastly, the film is sent to the color department for color grading. In this, the visual of the film is made attractive while balancing it. The colorist gives such a look to the film which people like. Here the look of a great film is given by controlling the brightness, depth etc. of the film. Hope you liked     this article ” Film kaise banti hai – How a film is made  ”  . You can share it to your friends. Write your questions and suggestions in the comment box. For more such useful information visit this website.

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