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History of Oscar Awards and Names of Indian Winners

Oscar Awards is one of the most prestigious award ceremony of Hollywood, which is held annually. The Oscar Award, also known as the Academy Award, is an American awards function organized annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). The film industry of the United States (US) is honored in this award. The winners of different categories are given a copy of the statue of the Academy Award, which is called by the name of Oscar. The Oscars is the oldest entertaining award ceremony. TV’s award ‘Emmy Award’, theater award ‘Tony Award’ and music and recording award ‘Granny Award’ are as old as the Oscars, they were also modernized after the arrival of the Oscars. Every year people all over the world eagerly wait for the Oscar award. This is the most talked about film award ceremony.

Oscar Award History

The first Academy Award was started on 16 May 1929. It took place at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, a private dinner party attended by around 270 people. At that time the general public did not know anything about it. It was organized by AMPAS. The purpose of starting this was to give respect to the participating artists of the motion picture industry. The first Oscar Award had 12 categories, in which there were 2 special honours. This award was given to those people who did special work in Hollywood in 1927-28. The names of the winners of this awards function were revealed to everyone 3 months before the ceremony. Trophies were given to the winners in the main event, it was a ceremony of only 15 minutes. The first President of the Academy Award was ‘Douglas Fairbanks’.


The first Oscar Award for Best Actor went to ‘Emile Janning’ for the films ‘The Last Command’ and ‘The Way of All Flash’. The Best Actress award went to ‘Janet Gaynor’ for the films ‘7 Heaven’, ‘Street Angel’ and ‘Sunrise’. Two awards were given for direction, a drama for which Frank Borzage and a comedy picture for which Lewis Milestone received the award.

Academy Award Telecast –

The Askar Award, held in 1930, was first made accessible to the general public through radio. Television replaced radio in 1953, and for the first time the award ceremony was telecasted on television. Now the Oscar Awards are broadcast live in more than 200 countries. At the beginning of the Oscar Award, its result had come in the media 3 months ago, but in its second ceremony it was changed and the list was given to be published in the newspaper at 11 o’clock on the day of the ceremony. But this rule was broken by ‘Los Angeles Times’ and before the start of the ceremony, the list of winners was printed in the paper. After this, since 1941, sealed envelopes are used, which are opened only at the time of the ceremony.

Academy Award Categories –

The ‘Best Foreign Language Film’ category was added to the 29th Oscar Awards on 27 March 1957, before which a foreign language film was honored as a Special Achievement Award. The category of Best Animated Film was added to the 74th Oscar Awards in 2002.

CategoryAward Begins
best picture1928
best director128
Best Actor in Leading Role1928
Best Actor in Supporting Role1936
Best Actress in Leading Role1928
Best Actress in Supporting Role1936
best animated feature2001
best animated short film1931
Best Cinematography1928
best dress design1948
best documentary feature1943
best documentary short subject1941
best film editing1934
best foreign language film1947
Best Live Action Short Film1931
Best Makeup and Hairstyling1981
best original score1934
Best Original Song1934
best production design1928
best sound editing1963
best sound mixing1930
best visual effects1939
Best Writing (Adopted Screenplay)1928
Best Writing (Original Screenplay)1940

Academy Award

Academy Honor Award1929
Academy Scientist and Technical Award1931
Gordon E. Sawyer Award1981
Jean Hersholt Award1956
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award1938

The 88th Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Dolby Theater on February 28, 2016, hosted by Chris Rock. Total 2947 awards have been distributed till the 87th award ceremony.

List of Indian Academy Award Winners in Hindi –

Yearcandidatename of the movieCategory/Honor Awardresult
1958Mehboob KhanMother Indiabest foreign language filmnominated
1961ismail merchantThe Creation of Womenbest short subjectnominated
1979Vidhu Vinod ChopraAn Encounter with FacesBest Documentary (Short Subject)nominated
1983Ravi ShankarGandhibest original scorenominated
1983Bhanu AthaiyaGandhibest costume designwon
1987ismail merchantA room with a viewbest picturenominated
1989Mira NairSalaam Bombaybest foreign language filmnominated
1992Satyajit RayHonorary Awardhonored
1993ismail merchantHoward’s Endbest picturenominated
1994ismail merchantThe Remains of the Daybest picturenominated
2002Ashutosh GowarikerFinebest foreign language filmnominated
2005Ashwin KumarLittle TerroristBest Short Subject (Live Action)nominated
2007Deepa MehtaWaterbest foreign language filmnominated
2009Rasool PookutiSlumdog Millionairebest sound mixingwon
2009AR Rahman and GulzarSlumdog MillionaireBest Original Songwon
2009AR RahmanSlumdog Millionairebest original scorewon
2011AR Rahman127 hoursbest original scorenominated
2011AR Rahman127 hoursBest Original Songnominated
2013Bombay Jayshreelife of piBest Original Songnominated

In 1958, Mehboob Khan’s film ‘Mother India’ went for the Best Foreign Language Film category, falling behind the Italian-French drum film ‘Knights of Cabiria’ by just one vote.

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