Oscar Awards is one of the most prestigious award ceremony of Hollywood, which is held annually. The Oscar Award, also known as the Academy Award, is an American awards function organized annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). The film industry of the United States (US) is honored in this award. The winners of different categories are given a copy of the statue of the Academy Award, which is called by the name of Oscar. The Oscars is the oldest entertaining award ceremony. TV’s award ‘Emmy Award’, theater award ‘Tony Award’ and music and recording award ‘Granny Award’ are as old as the Oscars, they were also modernized after the arrival of the Oscars. Every year people all over the world eagerly wait for the Oscar award. This is the most talked about film award ceremony.
Oscar Award History
The first Academy Award was started on 16 May 1929. It took place at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, a private dinner party attended by around 270 people. At that time the general public did not know anything about it. It was organized by AMPAS. The purpose of starting this was to give respect to the participating artists of the motion picture industry. The first Oscar Award had 12 categories, in which there were 2 special honours. This award was given to those people who did special work in Hollywood in 1927-28. The names of the winners of this awards function were revealed to everyone 3 months before the ceremony. Trophies were given to the winners in the main event, it was a ceremony of only 15 minutes. The first President of the Academy Award was ‘Douglas Fairbanks’.
The first Oscar Award for Best Actor went to ‘Emile Janning’ for the films ‘The Last Command’ and ‘The Way of All Flash’. The Best Actress award went to ‘Janet Gaynor’ for the films ‘7 Heaven’, ‘Street Angel’ and ‘Sunrise’. Two awards were given for direction, a drama for which Frank Borzage and a comedy picture for which Lewis Milestone received the award.
Academy Award Telecast –
The Askar Award, held in 1930, was first made accessible to the general public through radio. Television replaced radio in 1953, and for the first time the award ceremony was telecasted on television. Now the Oscar Awards are broadcast live in more than 200 countries. At the beginning of the Oscar Award, its result had come in the media 3 months ago, but in its second ceremony it was changed and the list was given to be published in the newspaper at 11 o’clock on the day of the ceremony. But this rule was broken by ‘Los Angeles Times’ and before the start of the ceremony, the list of winners was printed in the paper. After this, since 1941, sealed envelopes are used, which are opened only at the time of the ceremony.
Academy Award Categories –
The ‘Best Foreign Language Film’ category was added to the 29th Oscar Awards on 27 March 1957, before which a foreign language film was honored as a Special Achievement Award. The category of Best Animated Film was added to the 74th Oscar Awards in 2002.
|Best Actor in Leading Role||1928|
|Best Actor in Supporting Role||1936|
|Best Actress in Leading Role||1928|
|Best Actress in Supporting Role||1936|
|best animated feature||2001|
|best animated short film||1931|
|best dress design||1948|
|best documentary feature||1943|
|best documentary short subject||1941|
|best film editing||1934|
|best foreign language film||1947|
|Best Live Action Short Film||1931|
|Best Makeup and Hairstyling||1981|
|best original score||1934|
|Best Original Song||1934|
|best production design||1928|
|best sound editing||1963|
|best sound mixing||1930|
|best visual effects||1939|
|Best Writing (Adopted Screenplay)||1928|
|Best Writing (Original Screenplay)||1940|
|Academy Honor Award||1929|
|Academy Scientist and Technical Award||1931|
|Gordon E. Sawyer Award||1981|
|Jean Hersholt Award||1956|
|Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award||1938|
The 88th Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Dolby Theater on February 28, 2016, hosted by Chris Rock. Total 2947 awards have been distributed till the 87th award ceremony.
List of Indian Academy Award Winners in Hindi –
|Year||candidate||name of the movie||Category/Honor Award||result|
|1958||Mehboob Khan||Mother India||best foreign language film||nominated|
|1961||ismail merchant||The Creation of Women||best short subject||nominated|
|1979||Vidhu Vinod Chopra||An Encounter with Faces||Best Documentary (Short Subject)||nominated|
|1983||Ravi Shankar||Gandhi||best original score||nominated|
|1983||Bhanu Athaiya||Gandhi||best costume design||won|
|1987||ismail merchant||A room with a view||best picture||nominated|
|1989||Mira Nair||Salaam Bombay||best foreign language film||nominated|
|1992||Satyajit Ray||–||Honorary Award||honored|
|1993||ismail merchant||Howard’s End||best picture||nominated|
|1994||ismail merchant||The Remains of the Day||best picture||nominated|
|2002||Ashutosh Gowariker||Fine||best foreign language film||nominated|
|2005||Ashwin Kumar||Little Terrorist||Best Short Subject (Live Action)||nominated|
|2007||Deepa Mehta||Water||best foreign language film||nominated|
|2009||Rasool Pookuti||Slumdog Millionaire||best sound mixing||won|
|2009||AR Rahman and Gulzar||Slumdog Millionaire||Best Original Song||won|
|2009||AR Rahman||Slumdog Millionaire||best original score||won|
|2011||AR Rahman||127 hours||best original score||nominated|
|2011||AR Rahman||127 hours||Best Original Song||nominated|
|2013||Bombay Jayshree||life of pi||Best Original Song||nominated|
In 1958, Mehboob Khan’s film ‘Mother India’ went for the Best Foreign Language Film category, falling behind the Italian-French drum film ‘Knights of Cabiria’ by just one vote.